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Legal Eagle

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About Legal Eagle

  • Rank
    Over 500 posts

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  • Gender
    Male
  • Location
    South East England
  • Interests
    Caravanning. Having fun. The law - hard work but pays well m'lud.
  • Towcar
    for caravan - Ford Kuga TDCi AWD Titanium X Sport
  • Caravan
    Swift

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  1. Everything you are referring to relates to UK Govt. and DEFRA advice in the event of a no transition/implementation deal UK exit from the EU. They are not changes to existing requirements. However, as we all know, there is a UK exit transitional/implementation deal which comes into effect at the end of the month. Therefore, everything that is or is not required now will continue in exactly the same way until 31st December 2020. What happens after then will depend on the final deal reached in relation to things such as animal import/export. I hope the links are proof enough for you. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/pet-travel-to-europe-after-brexit#pet-travel-during-an-implementation-period https://animalowners.rcvs.org.uk/help-and-advice/pet-travel/ https://www.eurotunnel.com/uk/brexit/will-i-be-able-to-travel-to-the-EU-with-my-dog-after-brexit/ https://www.animalcouriers.com/pet-travel-between-uk-EU-coutries-after-brexit/
  2. The problem with the speakers being mounted in that plastic moulding is that they have no air space behind them for resonance. To improve them their position needs to change, ideally into a "box" like the front top locker space. However, you could remove the speakers then very carefully cut away the plastic moulding behind them with a sharp craft knife. This will make a not insignificant improvement to sound quality. The speaker grills are a very tight press fit but can be carefully prised off using plastic trim removal tools to reveal the fixing screws.
  3. Until the permitted maximum on articulated lorries was raised to 44 tonnes, the maximum permitted in the UK was actually 32.5 tonnes (and still is for 4 axles). However, the weight distribution is not spread evenly across the axles as you suggest. Most of the weight is carried by the trailer axles. The tractor unit axles bear 20% with the steering axle bearing the least amount. In practice trailer axle loadings are higher and the legislation acknowledges that fact by only allowing the maximum weights for each axle configuration if road friendly suspension is fitted. A 4 axle articulated lorry with road friendly suspension can carry 35 tonnes. Road friendly suspension is defined by the Authorised Weight Regulations 1998 as a suspension system whereby at least 75% of the spring effect is produced by air or other compressible fluid under pressure or suspension recognised as being equivalent within the community as defined in Annex II of Council Directive 96/53/EC.
  4. Out of curiosity, when you say "investigate", was that as a qualified collision investigator, fully hands on forensically as in attend the scene, take measurements, carry out forensic vehicle examinations, produce scale plans, collision reconstruction etc. or sitting at a desk drawing conclusions from driver and witness explanations and the outcome of any prosecution or inquest?
  5. MoT failure category for daytime running lights (DLRs) only applies to vehicles first used from 1 March 2018 (first test due 01/03/2021). Any vehicles built before this date are exempt. However, the MoT Testers Manual is currently under review so there may be some changes later.
  6. Oppressive policing also costs lives. Amnesty International and others have expressed serious concerns about South African police brutality, including torture and extrajudicial killings. I'll leave it at that, not wishing to drift this thread into a whole new area if controversy.
  7. That's the difference between policing by consent and policing by oppression.
  8. You forget that not only do most countries have a lower limit than us, many have a 0% limit and it works. There will always be law breakers, that's human nature
  9. Despite what the media report, the Summer and Christmas campaigns are not random testing operations which would be unlawful. As I said, a police officer must suspect alcohol or drugs through manner of driving or, having stopped a driver, by smell/demeanour, or the driver commits a driving offence or is involved in a collision. During those campaign periods the police greatly increase the number of vehicles stopped and by doing so can check demeanour and other tell tale signs to form their suspicion that alcohol or drugs may have been consumed, if appropriate. It's a law that has successfully operated since roadside testing was introduced by Barbara Castle in 1967.
  10. I have heard that C&CC have renewed the lease on the Braithwaite Fold site at a cost of £4 million, and it will be reopening in May after being upgraded.
  11. Random breath testing is not catered for in our legislation and cannot be conducted for that reason (unlike other countries). A police officer must either suspect alcohol or drugs after stopping and speaking to the driver, or the manner of driving raises suspicion, or the driver has commited an offence e.g. speeding or has been involved in a collision. In order to prove a Section 4 impairment offence a sobriety test would provide the best evidence and one can be required either roadside or at a police station but it must be carried out by a specially trained and authorised officer. So they wouldn't ask you to do that but they would be able to smell if you had been drinking, see if you're eyes are glazed, hear if your speech is slurred and ask you to close your eyes and touch the tip of your nose with an index finger as well as ask you carry out certain verbal exercises to test cognisance.
  12. There is an offence of driving or being in charge whilst the ability is impaired through drink or drugs (Section 4 Road Traffic Act 1988). This offence requires no evidence from breath, blood or urine specimens, although in practice it would be obtained. The prosecution would just have to prove that the ability to drive or be in charge was impaired by the person's consumption of alcohol or drugs. Theoretically, a person below the 0.08% prescribed limit (Section 5 Road Traffic Act 1988) could still be impaired and commit the Section 4 offence. It should also be noted that drug driving applies to legal and illegal substances. Drivers have been convicted of impairment after taking Night Nurse! A person shall be deemed not to have been in charge of a mechanically propelled vehicle if he proves that at the material time the circumstances were such that there was no likelihood of his driving it so long as he remained unfit to drive through drink or drugs. e.g. someone in a motorhome who has put the keys aside, got into pyjamas, climbed into bed and gone to sleep.
  13. Legal Eagle

    Speed

    Up until 1965 there was no national limit but as a trial a temporary 70mph national limit came into force on 22nd December 1965 for all road types following a series of serious motorway multiple crashes in the fog in 1965. The trial was extended in April 1966 for a further 2 months. In May 1966 the Transport Minister, Barbara Castle, further extended the trial to September 1967. In July 1967 she made 70mph (not 60mph) the permanent national maximum speed limit on all road types. The 1973 oil crisis introduced a temporary national maximum speed limit of 50mph on all road types from December 1973. The 70mph limit for motorways returned in March 1974 and on all other roads in May 1974. An initiative to reduce fuel consumption resulted in a temporary maximum speed limit of 50mph on single carriageway roads and 60mph on dual carriageway roads being introduced from December 1974 until May 1977. Motorways were unaffected. On 1st June 1977 the temporary limits were abolished and the national speed limit for single carriageway roads was permanently raised to 60mph and on dual carriageways 70mph. Since then various maximum speed limit changes have been applied to certain vehicle types but not the national speed limits.
  14. It's a pity that the new Kuga 2.5 PHEV can only tow a trailer up to 1200kg mass. The new Kuga 2.0 MHEV can tow up to a 1900kg mass trailer though.
  15. I understand that the owners, South Lakeland District Council, will only issue a short term lease for the site each time it comes up for renewal. The toilet block needs considerable refurbishment but the C&CC say it is too costly for a short lease. The site was on the council website last October (the C&CC announced their decision to close it in the November magazine) inviting tenders to run the site on a ten year lease. I seem to recall the CMC citing the short term lease renewal as the reason they ended managing the site before the C&CC took it over.
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